This is a photograph sent in by a customer and in need of a new spindle head, maidens, and mother of all, and spindle. They sent me the tension device on the left, an unusual two standard model with a tilting head and tightening nut to provide drive band tension.
The uprights [standards] are made of chestnut, the block is birch and the nut is white oak, an American Wheel. There is a name stamped on the end of the table, hard to see or tell exactly what it is but perhaps ‘NORTON’. The new upright post that fits it the block is reclaimed chestnut and the Mother of All cross piece is birch.
I had to make a tapered reamer to match the tapered socket hole in the block, the first one was from soft maple and shattered during the third hole. A new one of hard maple works much better.
A slot is cut in the center and the blade is from an old saw and is draw filed square on the edge profile, it has four cutting edges and is used in both directions.
The two maidens are also made of reclaimed chestnut and these are turned to fit the holes that have been reamed out with the above reamers.
Here is how the detail on the maiden looks, after details on the existing standards.
And here is the entire mother of all with the exception of the metal spindle, flange and drive pulley. I will finish this piece first, the flange and pulley are made of maple which requires a different finish schedule.
I will also permanently attach the single upright post into the birch cross piece with hide glue and a wedge, a little too small for a peg, either method is appropriate. The maidens are just friction fit as is the mother of all into the tension block.
I also have to drill holes in the maidens to hold the corn husk bearings.