Full Chisel Blog

August 17, 2014

Expired Liquid Hide Glue, good after 13 years!

Filed under: Alchemy,Hide Glue,Historical Material,Of Interest,The Trade,Uncategorized — Stephen Shepherd @ 4:28 pm

A friend of mine showed me a bottle of Franklin/Titebond Liquid Hide Glue with an old expiration date and he thought it was still good.  I looked at the date and it was 7-01 and I thought  there was no way it was any good.  So I did the finger/thumb test and sure enough it exhibited ‘legging’ or ‘cottoning’ indicating it was still good.

Webbing

So the following day I conducted the only sanction test for testing the usefullness of liquid hide glue, a bead of glue on paper, cooked in a 150 degree [F] oven for 15 to 20 minutes and allowed to cool.  To my surprise it cracked indicating it was still good.

glue test

It had not been stored in  special conditions although the shop never got real hot.  Good idea to test before you throw it away.

Stephen

May 3, 2013

The Complete Cabinet Maker And Upholsterer’s Guide – J. Stokes 1829

stokes1829

Gary Roberts over at Toolemera has done it again and reproduced a fine tome from the nineteenth century.  The book has many full color plates, hand colored engravings and Mr. Roberts has reproduced the entire book in color, so the pages appear as they would in an original edition.

Mr. Stokes has done an excellent job at assembling material from his peers and predecessors, which I won’t call plagiarism as it was common practice.  Some of the engravings have the long f for the s, indicating an earlier time.

The book is however full of very useful information about lay out, perspective, drawing, design and construction of furniture, with an emphasis on finishing, which I found fascinating.  This is a great hardbound edition of an historical work that is a pleasure to hold in ones hand and read about the past and the ways of old.  Add this one to your bibliotheque.

Stephen

March 25, 2013

The CIRCLE Of The MECHANICAL ARTS, Thomas Martin 1813

Well it looks like Gary Roberts has done it again, bringing back for our enjoyment another traditional title from the nineteenth century.  Toolemera is offering this large volume of Thomas Martins opus on the trades.  You can order it here at a discount.

martin1813

Weighing in at over 4 pounds it has many plates reproduced in color of the period.  I have just started to read this tome and it is fascinating.  The stuff on hardening and tempering is excellent as is the information on paint and turning is worth the price of the book.  I strongly recommend you add this to your bibliotech.

Stephen

January 11, 2013

Shepherds’ Compleat Early Nineteenth Century Woodworker – First Review

bookcover2

This is the first book review of my first book that was originally published in hardbound in 1981.  This review appeared in Smithsonian Magazine April 1982.

smithsonian1

smithsonian2

 

 

I found this while doing research at the University of Nevada, Reno at their excellent library.

Now I need to find the reviews in Workbench Magazine, Soldier of Fortune Magazine and Museum of the Fur Trade Quarterly.

Available at Tools for Working Wood

and The Full Chisel Store or from Amazon.  Amazon also has original hardbound editions for sale.

Stephen

July 26, 2012

Price of Goods in Boston, March 6, 1856 part 2

 

From the Boston Press and Post

 

 

DUCK, per piece

Alexandrotsky             none

Billibins                      — @ –

Chepotchkins               — @ –

D. Bruisgins                — @ –

Gontsharoff                 none

I Bruisgins                   none

Kinoploff                     none

Massaloff                    none

Plotnikoff                    12 50 @ 13 50

Serikoff                       none

Ravens, Imp.               none

Do, light                      7 62 @ 7 75

Do, heavy                    9 62 @ 9 75

 

DYE STUFFS, per pound

Cochineal                    1 06 @ 1 15

Indigo, Bengl best       1 20 @ 1 40

Do, do, mid                 1 00 @ 1 18

Do, do, Inferior           — 50 @ — 95

Do, Guatemala          – 80 @ 1 20

Do, Manila, prime       — 60 @ 1 00

Logwood, Campeachy, per ton  — @ –

Do, St. Domingo          20 00 @ 21 00

Fustic, Cuba                35 00 @ 40 00

Do, Maracaibo                        — @ –

Do, Savanilla              21 00 @ 24 00

Do, Tampico               — @ –

Brazilletto                   23 00 @ 25 00

Camwood                    — @ –

Hache Wood               37 50 @ 43 00

Nicaragua, Coromandel — @ –

Do, Lima                     62 00 @ 72 00

Sapan Wood                55 00 @ 62 00

Indian Coast do           28 00 @ 32 00

 

GLUE, per pound

American                     — 10 @ — 18

Chinese                       — 18 @ — 17

Russia                         — 14 @ — 18

 

GRINDSTONES, per ton

Finished                      20 00 @ 30 00

Rough                          — @ –

 

GUNNY BAGS, each

No. 1                           — @ –

No. 2                           — @ –

No. 3                           — 14 @ — 14 ½

 

GUNNY CLOTH, per yard – 12 ½ @ — 13

 

HIDES, per pound

Buenos Ayres, dry salted        — 25 ½ @ — 26

Do, wet do                              — 13 ¼ @ — 13 ½

Chili                                        — @ –

Maranham                               — @ –

Maracaibo                               — @ –

Montevideo                             — 25 ½ @ — 26

Pernambuco, dry salted           — @ –

Porto Cabello                          — 19 @ — 19 ½

Rio Grande                              — 25 @ — 25 ½

Truxillo                                   — 19 @ — 19 ½

California                                — @ –

West India                               — @ –

African                                    — 15 @ — 24

New Orleans                           — 15 @ — 15 ½

Deerskins                                — 18 @ — 47 ½

Calcutta, buffalo                      — 13 ½ @ — 14

Do, cow, dry, salted each        — 90 @ 1 00

Do, do, wet, do                       1 12 @ 1 22

Buenos Ayres, horse               1 37 @ 1 62

Goatskins, Cape Good Hope, per pound

24 ½ @ — 25 ½

Do, c. de Verds                       — @ –

Do, Calcutta                            — @ –

Do, Curacoa                            — 45 @ — 50

Do, Patna                                 — 19 @ — 21

Do, Madras                             — 25 @ — 28

 

HONEY, per gallon

Cuba                                        — 72 @ — 80

 

IVORY, per pound

Prime                                       1 50 @ 1 75

Scrivellas                                1 00 @ 1 30

 

LEATHER, per pound

Boston, slaughter                     — 20 @ — 25

Eastern, dry hide                     — @ –

Do, Slaughter                          — @ –

New York, light                      — 23 @ — 24 ½

Do, middling                           — 23 ½ @ — 25 ½

Do, heavy                                — 20 ½ @ — 23

Philadelphia City                    — 25 @ — 31

Do, Country                             — 25 @ — 28

Baltimore City                         — 28 @ — 31

Do, dry hide                            — 25 @ — 27

Calfskins curried                     — 70 @ — 80

Do, In rough                            — 57 @ — 60

Neats, thick waxed, per foot    — 15 @ — 18

Do, light, do                            — 11 @ — 18

Do, heavy, do                          — @ –

Kip                                          — @ –

Black grain                              — @ –

 

NAILS, per pound, 6 mos.

Cut, assorted                           — 4 @ — 4 ½

Do, 3d                                     — @ –

Do, 4th [sic]                               — @ –

 

NAVAL STORES, per bbl

Rosin, extra                             3 75 @ 4 50

Do, No. 1                                2 50 @ 3 50

Do, No. 2                                2 00 @ 2 12

Do, Common, 6 mos.               1 85 @ 1 90

Pitch                                        2 25 @ 2 50

Tar, Wilmington                      3 00 @ 3 25

Do, North Co.                          2 75 @ 3 00

Spirit of Turpentine, per gallon cash   — 44 @ — –

Varnish, bright             — 16 @ — 17

 

OIL, per gallon

Lard Oil                                  — 80 @ 1 10

Neats Foot                               — 75 @ — 95

Sperm, Fall and Spring, un-bleached and bleached 1 90 @ 1 95

Winter, bleached and un-bleached 2 00 @ 2 10

Do, crude, cash                       1 80 @ 1 85

Linseed, Dutch                         — @ –

Do, English                             — 87 @ — 85

Do, American                          — 85 @ — –

Red Oil                                   — 67 @ — 68

Pine                                         — @ –

Olive, Sicily                            1 17 @ 1 18

Palm, per pound                      — 10 @ 11 10 ½

Straits, per bbl                        24 00 @ — –

Bank                                        23 25 @ 23 50

Shore                                       22 00 @ — –

Florence, per case                   — @ –

More good stuff.

Stephen

July 24, 2012

Price of Goods in Boston, March 6, 1856 part 1

 

From the Boston Press and Post

BEESWAX, per pound

White, best,                 — 42 @ — 50

Do, block,                   — – @ — –

Yellow                           — 27 @ — 30

Cuba                            — – @ — –

 

CANDLES, per pound

Sperm, Nan.                                        — 37 @ — 38

Do, New Bedford and Boston             — 38 @ — –

Mould, Boston                                    — 14 @ — 14 ½

Do, extra,                                            — 14 ½ @ — 15

Adamantine                                         — 25 @ — 30

 

COTTON, per pound

New Orleans and Mobile

Inferior, 6 mos,            none

Ordinary                      — 10 ¼ @ — 10 ¾

Mid to good mid          — 11 ¼ @ — 11 ¾

Middling Fair              — 11 ¾ @ — 12

Fair                             — 12 @ — 12 ½

Good Fair                    none

Choice, upland            none

Ord to mid                   — 10 ¼ @ — 11

Mid to mid fair            — 11 ¼ @ — 11 ½

Fair to good                 — 11 ½ @ — 11 ¾

 

DOMESTIC GOODS, per yard

Sheeting, 37 inch         — 6 ¾ @ — 7

Do, 37 inch stout         — 8 @ — 8 ¼

Do, 40 inch do             — 8 ½ @ — –

Do, 48 inch do             — 10 ¼ @ — 10 ½

Do, 30 to 40 in., fine   — 6 ¼ @ — 9

Shirting, 27 to 28 ½ inch, brown         — 4 ¾ @ — 5

Do, 30 inch, stout        — 6 ½ @ — 6 ¾

Do, 33 in., do              — – @ — –

Do, 35 in., fine            — – @ — –

Do, 40 in., do              — – @ — –

Drilling, 30 in., stout   — 8 @ — –

Do, 28 in., blchd.        — 8 ½ @ — –

Jean, 30 in., fine          — 8 ½ @ — 8 ¾

Do, 28 in., blchd.        — 9 @ — 9 ¼

Osnaburgs, negro, 4-4,– 10 ¾ @ — 11

Do, do, 7-8                  — 8 ¾ @ — 9

Linseys, negro             — 15 @ — 23

 

DRUGS, per pound

Alcohol                       — 77 @ — 85

Aloes, Cape                — 19 @ — 21

Do, Curacao                — – @ — –

Alum                           — 2 ½ @ — 2 ⅝

Annatto                        — 22 @ — 30

Antimony, crude          — – @ — 8

Do, Regulus                 — 12 @ — 13

Aquafortis                   — 6 ¼ @ — 6 ½

Argols                         — 13 @ — 27

Arrowroot                   — 8 @ — 33

Assafœtida                  — 8 @ — 18

Balsam, Copaivi         — 30 @ — 35

Do, Peru                      1 87 @ 2 00

Do, Tolu                      — 55 @ — 60

Bark Peruvian             1 70 @ — –

Do, Quill                     — 25 @ — 30

Berries, Persian          — 11 @ — 17

Do, Turkey                  — – @ — –

Bleach’d Powders       — 2 ¾ @ — 3 ¼

Borax, refined             — 28 @ — 28 ½

Do, crude                    — – @ — –

Camphor, refined        — 34 @ — 35

Do, crude                    — 28 ½ @ — 20

Cantharides                 1 92 @ 2 00

Carb. Ammonia           — 15 @ — –

Castor Oil, Am per g.  1 62 @ 1 75

Do, India                     1 62 @ 1 75

Chamomile Flowers per lb     — 30 @ — 33

Copperas                     — 1 @ — 1 ¼

Cream Tartar               — 31 ½ @ — 32 ½

Cubebs                        — 47 @ — 50

Dragons Blood            — 45 @ — 60

Extract Logwood         — 11 @ — 11 ½

Flour Sulphur              — 3 ¼ @ — 3 ½

Fr. Rotten Stone          — 5 @ — –

Gamboge                     — 24 @ — 26

Ginseng                       — 25 @ — 31

Gum Arabic, Bombay  — 8 @ — 13

Do, do, Turkey            — 35 @ — 40

Do, Benzoin                — 20 @ — 30

Do, Copal, large          — 35 @ — 75

Do, do, medium           — 30 @ — 34

Do, do, fine                 — 20 @ — 25

Do, Mastic                  2 25 @ — –

Do, Senegal                 — 15 @ — 17

Do, Shellac, orange     — 12 @ — 14

Do, do, liver                — 9 ½ @ — 10 ½

Do, do, garnet              — 10 ½ @ — 11 ½

Do, Tragacanth            — 18 @ — 75

Iodine                          4 25 @ 4 50

Ipecac Root                 2 12 @ 2 37

Isinglass, Am.              — 44 @ — 77

Do, Russia                   4 00 @ 4 50

Jalap Root                   — 66 @ — 70

Lac Dye                       — 10 @ — 60

Liquorice Paste           — 16 @ — 24

Do, Root                      — 7 ¼ @ — 8

Madder, Umbros         — 10 @ — 10 ¾

Do, crop                      — – @ — –

Do, common                — 9 ½ @ — 10

Do, French ESFF        — – @ — –

Do, do, SFF                 — – @ — –

Do, do, SF                   — 10 ½ @ — 10 ¾

Magnesia, calc’d         — – @ — –

Do, lump                     — – @ — –

Manna, flakes              — 90 @ 1 00

Do, small                     — 60 @ — 65

Do, sorts                      — 45 @ — 50

Myrrh, India                — 20 @ — 25

Do, Turkey                  — 35 @ — 40

Nutgalls                       — 30 @ — 37

Do, white                    — 18 @ — 25

Oil Almonds                8 00 @ 9 00

Do, Anise                    5 00 @ 5 25

Do, Bergamot              2 00 @ 2 12

Do, Caraway               1 75 @ 2 25

Do, Cassia                   3 00 @ 3 25

Do, Cloves                  1 50 @ — –

Do, Lemon                   2 00 @ 2 12

Do, Orange                  1 75 @ 1 87

Do, Origanum              — – @ — –

Do, Peppermint           — – @ — –

Do, Vitriol                   — 2 ¼ @ — 2 ½

Do, Wormwood          — – @ — –

Cod Liver Oil              1 75 @ 2 00

Opium, Egyptian          — – @ — –

Do, Turkey                  4 37 @ 4 50

Otto Rose per ounce   4 00 @ 5 00

Oxalic Acid per lb      — 33 @ — 34

Potash. Bichrom.         — 17 @ — 18

Do, Prussiate               — 28 @ — 29

Do, Hydriodate           4 37 @ 4 50

Pumice Stone               — 1⅝ @ 1⅞

Quicksilver                 — 43 @ — 46

Quinine, sul. per oz     2 60 @ 2 70

Rhubarb, E.I. per lb     2 12 @ 2 25

Sago, pearl                  — 7 @ — 8

Sal Ammoniac             — 3 @ — 4

Do, refined                  — 11 @ — 11 ¼

So, Soda                      — 1 ¾ @ — 2

Sarsaparilla, Hond.     –30 @ — 32

Seammony, Aleppo     6 00 @ 7 00

Senna, Alex.                — 14 @ — 15

Do, East India             — 10 @ — 14

Snake Root, Seneca     — 80 @ — 90

Do, Virginia                — 40 @ — 42

Soda Ash                     — 2 ¾ @ — 3

Do, Super Carb.          — 4 ½ @ — 4 ¾

Sponges, Bahama        — 9 @ — 16

Do, Turkey fine           — 50 @ 1 00

Do, extra fine              1 00 @ 2 00

Sugar Lead, white       — 14 @ — 16

Do, brown                   — 9 ¾ @ — 10 ¼

Tapioca, Para              — – @ — –

Do, Rio                       — – @ — –

Tartaric Acid              — 45 @ — 50

Turmeric                     — 4 @ — 4 ½

Vitriol, Blue                — 10 ¼ @ — 10 ½

I hope you find this as interesting as I do.

Stephen

 

 

 

July 19, 2012

Prices of Wood, Boston March 6, 1856

From the front page of the Boston Post and Press.

BOXWOOD, per ton   60 00 @ 85 00

LIGNUM VITAE, per ton  15 00 @ 20 00

LUMBER, per 1000 feet

East Boards, white pine, No.1  40 00 @ — –

Do, do, No.2   40 00 @ — –

Do, do, No.3   33 00 @ 34 00

Do, coarse, No.3   23 00 @ 24 00

Do, do, No.4   13 00 @ 14 00

Do, Scoots     9 00 @ 10 00

Do, Flooring, southern pine  18 00 @ 20 00

Clapboards, extra   38 00 @ 40 00

Do, clear    33 00 @ 35 00

Do, No.1    17 00 @ 20 00

Shingles, pine, shaved, best   4 25 @  5 00

Do, do, do, 2d qual.    2 25 @  2 50

Do, do, sawn best    3 00 @  3 25

Do, cedar, shaved, best   3 50 @  4 00

Do, do, 2d qual.    2 00 @  2 50

Laths, pine, 1 ½ in.    1 75 @  2 00

Spruce Lumber, at measurement   9 00 @ 11 00

Hemlock do,    8 00 @  9 00

Sugar Box shooks   – 45 @ — 50

Ton Timber, white pine best   6 00 @  8 00

Do, do, ordinary    4 00 @  5 00

Do, do, southern pine   10 00 @ 12 00

MAHOGANY, per foot.

Cuba    – 12 @ — 24

St. Domingo   –   8 @ — 17

Honduras    –   9 @ — 18

[MAHOGANY – At public sale 586 logs Mansanilla at 11 ¾ @38c per foot, 6 mos.]

ROSEWOOD, Rio, per log  20 00 @ 60 00

WOOD, per cord

Eastern hard    6 75 @  7 60

Nova Scotia do    7 00 @ — –

Pitch Pine     6 75 @  7 00

South Shore, hard    7 25 @  7 50

Just to keep things current.

Stephen

 

 

July 16, 2012

Iron & Steel Prices, Boston March 6, 1856

IRON, per ton,

Russia, Old Sable, P.S.I –@–

Do. N. Sable   –@–

Swedes, common assorted 95 00 @100 00

Do, square and extra sizes 105 00@ 118 00

Glendon bar   –@–

English, flat, round & square  –@–

Do, do, refined  65 00@ 75 00

Do, Foundry   –@–

A Forge   –@–

Pig, American, Anthracite –@–

Do, Charcoal   –@–

Do, do Foundry  –@–

Do, Scotch, 1st quality  34 50@ 35 00

Do, do, other qualities  –@–

Sheet, English, per pound -13 ½ @-4 ½

Do. Russia   -15 ½ @-16

Boiler, Penn, 1st quality –@–

Do, do 2nd do   –@–

Do, Brandywine best  -6@ -6 ½

STEEL per pound

German, cast steel  -18@ -19

Do, Halbach   -12 ½ @-13

English, best   - 13@ -17

Do, common   -6 ½ @-7

American   - 5@ -7

Check out the difference in prices between iron and steel.  Interesting.

Stephen

 

 

May 10, 2012

Shellac, Linseed Oil, & Paint – Traditional 19th Century Woodwork Finishes – recent printing

The Shellac, Linseed Oil, & Paint books are being restocked at both Tools for Working Wood and Lee Valley and to a new as yet undisclosed retail outlet.  I also have copies on hand.

The only difference is the ISBN and bar code on the back.

Stephen

November 26, 2011

Great ‘new’ Catalogue from Tools for Working Wood

Joel and the folks at Tools for Working Wood in Brooklyn New York have come out with the finest catalogue I have seen recently.  Based on traditional design and implementation it is a joy to receive in the mail and a pleasure to read.

Nice to see old traditions preserved, Thanks.  Most catalogues when they are out of date go into the recycle bin, this one will go in the bookcase.

Stephen

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