Hardware for the 1805 Turning Bench has been difficult for those people building this treadle lathe to find, so after repeated requests I am pleased to offer the complete hardware package for sale at a very reasonable price.
The hardware made to the specifications of the plans and include the headstock mandrel with a slight variation from the old plans, newer sets of plans will include the change. The center part of the mandrel is 1 1/8″ in diameter; 1″ on the original, this change gives a shoulder for the bearings.
The flywheel crank is as specified on the plans and can be keyed to secure on the wheel and is 3/4″ in diameter.
The tailstock crank and locking nut are also the same as on the plans and the square nut is inlet into the wood of the tailstock to prevent it from turning.
Now people will be able to easily complete their own foot powered treadle lathe with this quality hardware. You can order it from the Full Chisel Store.
I have had experience with casting pewter into or onto wood; back in 1972 I built a halfstock flintlock rifle and pistol and both had pewter endcaps cast on the end of the maple gunstocks. So I had every confidence that this would be fairly easy.
The square mortise is undercut on all four edges, so the nut is captured in a dovetail in the maple endgrain of the whorl.
I had to borrow a casting ladle from a friend then melt down some pewter on the stove. After the pewter was melted I put a rice grain size piece of beeswax into the hot metal to flux out any impurities, then used a wooden stick to remove the dross floating on the surface.
A dam of thick cardboard protects the maple of the whorl and adds thickness to the nut. I cast the nut onto the shaft [with left hand threads], so the threads are cast into the pewter nut. I heated up the shaft so as not to shock the hot pewter as it is being poured.
With a hacksaw I removed the excess and smoothed it down with a file, then gave it a bit of burnish. Spinning Wheel parts available here.
Just posting a picture to show the progress of the first order. The customer opted for 2 additional bobbins [saved shipping costs] to bring the total to three. Still waiting for the machinist to finish up the mandrel, then fitting it up and installing the hooks.
The three shafts for the bobbins can not be turned until the mandrel arrives for proper sizing of their length.
I am going to cut the square mortise in the whorl a bit deeper and will be casting the pewter nut on the mandrel for a perfect match, will post pictures of this when it happens. First post on grain orientation. Parts may be ordered here.
Here is the second prototype of the Spinning Wheel mandrel, flyer, whorl, and bobbin made to fit a wheel I need to restore. The first flyer was for a friend’s wheel which I will be restoring as well. They are different size as are all flyers.
My flyer is an inch shorter than the other flyer, below is a picture to compare the sizes and both U-shape and V-shape flyers.
Because all flyers are unique and will be custom built to each particular spinning wheel, there is an important measurement that must be provided so the flyers will work properly on the wheel. See illustration below.
Measurement is taken between the two [leather] bearings on the maidens on the mother-of-all.
You can order your new flyer at the Full Chisel Store.
are now going to be available to replace the missing mandrel, flyer, whorl, and bobbin. Cut the wings of the flyer to proper shape and installed the hooks.
Working on the second prototype to help determine pricing. Should have it finished up by tomorrow. Will also price bobbins separately.
At last I got the entire prototype built and dry assembled and it functions as expected. The first photograph shows the two shapes I will offer, both U-shape and V-shape flyers. The flyers, whorl and mandrel vary slightly with each wheel and each complete unit is made to fit existing wheels where these are missing. A simple measurement between the leather bearings is provided and the assembly is custom made to fit.
The second photograph shows one prototype finished, I am working on the second whorl, the mandrel, and flyer are done and fitted together. I will roughen up the surface of the metal, wash it with soap and water, then alcohol before etching with garlic. I will use hot hide glue to attach them together.
The mortise in the flyer is not that easy to make as it is endgrain and the unusual shape of the mandrel makes this a challenge. I used charcoal to cover the mandrel, which transfers to the mortise to show where wood needs to be removed. I don’t use graphite as that will interfere with the glue and the charcoal will not.
Will have the pricing soon.
and the Bobbin is in the queue. The mortice or hole through the maple flyer was fashioned to the proper taper and square shape with files and a small carving knife. The hole for the shaft was drilled before the piece was turned. This provides a center for the terrorizing turning process, this is a real knuckle duster.
The waste material is removed and the wings thinned down. This is the first flyer and while I will use it on the wheel I am restoring, the next and future versions will be more of a ‘V’ shape than this ‘U’ shape. Apparently spinners like the wider flyer shape to get more thread on the bobbin.
As you can see from the two different size mandrels that all wheels vary it the spacing of the maidens; the important measurement is between the two [leather] bearings. I will roughen up the mandrel where it goes through the maple flyer, then etch it with garlic to prepare it for hot hide glue.
The Whorl [double pulley that powers the mandrel] is end-grain maple, with two different size pulleys for two different speeds. The mortise for the nut was difficult to chop, being end grain and is slightly undercut to hold the nut in place.
The nut is made from some pure tin tubing a friend gave me; I split the tube and hammered it flat, then using a pair of compasses I marked out the size and cut it to shape. I then drilled a hole and used one of my new/old rinders to make the hole the proper size.
Forcing the left hand threads of the mandrel into the hole and used it to form the threads on the soft metal nut. I then peened the tin around the edges to expand it into the undercuts of the mortise.
Now it is on to the Bobbins, which are made of three pieces, the ends being end-grain, the V-groove is deep and should be interesting.
I finally have a source for custom made Spinning Wheel Flyer Mandrels and am offering them for sale. Made of steel with a through yarn exit hole and proper left hand threads.
All that is required is the measurement between the bearings on the maidens and it will be fabricated to those specifications. The metal mandrels are the most difficult part of the wheel to find, usually the flyer, mandrel, whorl and bobbin are missing. The wooden parts I have no trouble making and now I can have these made for my own restoration work and to offer for sale at the Full Chisel Store.
I have wanted one of these for several years and now not only do I have one, I also have them for sale at the Full Chisel Store.
Made by Tin Smith Brian Westover to my size specifications and executed in a neat and proper manner. The gnomon indicates its diminutive size. Three 3/4″ tall, 5 3/4″ long, the container is 2″ in diameter with a snug fitting lid.
Used to dispense pounce powder, bronzing powder, dry pigments or even garden seeds by rubbing a stick back and forth across the cocks comb on the top of the spout. This sets up vibrations that evenly dispense the powder out the spout.
Very handy tool.
Always a good idea and in 1922 William Fairham published this book of the same title.
And in 2013 Gary Roberts at Toolemera Press has reproduced this fine English volume on turning on a foot treadle lathe. The book has some great stuff, good illustrations with patterns of all types of turnings including square turnings. The square turning is of particular interest, must give it a try.
This book also goes well with the plans for the Wooden Treadle Lathe available at the Full Chisel Store. Get the book from Gary and the plans from me and you are all set.