This is a maiden from a Canadian Production Wheel and had been previously repaired. It was repaired with hide glue but the small bamboo skewer just wasn’t big enough to reinforce the joint.
I had to remove a nail holding the stub of the tenon on the end of the off-side maiden. Instead of making a new maiden, I decided to use a shouldered tenon and make it match the original. With the nail removed I could remove the stub tenon.
I cut the maiden off flush at the shoulder for the end of the maiden, then drilled a 1/4″ twist auger and then enlarged it with a 3/8″ duck bill spoon bit. I fit the new birch tenon into the hole, applied hide glue and clamped it together.
I also drilled a hole with a gimlet bit for the wedge and made a new one of birch to match the original
The next day I applied pigmented shellac to match the original finish on the parts exposed. The customer was happy.
A friend of mine showed me a bottle of Franklin/Titebond Liquid Hide Glue with an old expiration date and he thought it was still good. I looked at the date and it was 7-01 and I thought there was no way it was any good. So I did the finger/thumb test and sure enough it exhibited ‘legging’ or ‘cottoning’ indicating it was still good.
So the following day I conducted the only sanction test for testing the usefullness of liquid hide glue, a bead of glue on paper, cooked in a 150 degree [F] oven for 15 to 20 minutes and allowed to cool. To my surprise it cracked indicating it was still good.
It had not been stored in special conditions although the shop never got real hot. Good idea to test before you throw it away.
A friend for whom I have done repairs on spinning wheels brought me a loom she had got from India made of teak. The problem was that it would not lock adequately into the upright position. I examined the loom and determined that the slotted machine screws just spun as the wingnuts were tightened.
The loom was actually quite well made, except for the white plastic parts, but they just couldn’t or didn’t figure out all of the details. So I decided that two of the four machine screws in question could be replaced with simple carriage bolts. I used a square file to make the bolt go into the hole without splitting the wood, and that worked out fine.
However the other two machine screws could not be replaced with ordinary carriage bolts, so I had master blacksmith Mark Schramm weld on tabs on both sides of the square top of the carriage bolts. I had to remove one of the shed spacers in order to remove the old screws and insert the new tabbed carriage bolts.
Once they were in place I repositioned the spacers in the proper location, put it back together and low and behold it works. And the happy customer brought me this hand spun dishtowel that she had made on the loom. Thank you.