Full Chisel Blog

July 30, 2008

Yesterday in the Shop

Filed under: Historical Material,Of Interest,Restoration,Sawing,Uncategorized — Stephen Shepherd @ 10:36 am

Yesterday in the Shop, I got a bit of work done and discovered another saw blade hiding in a pad saw.



Here is a small pad saw blade.  It is probably broken off a bit on the tip, it is 10 ppi, taper ground and no set to the teeth.


pad saw blade



Here is the touch-mark, Disston & Sons Phila.


touch mark



Here is a pad saw that belongs to a friend, he brought it by for me to look at.  The saw pad itself is typical boxwood handle brass ferrule and iron screws.  The blade is also taper ground and appears to be its original length and has no markings.



Another pad saw 1



Here is a close up of the blade, it is 16 ppi and is sharpened bastard rip.


pad saw blade



It also has set teeth, even though it is taper ground.  The set is proper, just the tip of the tooth, not at the root of the tooth.


pad saw tooth set


And I also made a new bow saw from a bucket of bow saw parts, fit up the handles, cut the slots for the blade, made the toggle and it is ready for a blade.


bow saw


I have about 30 blades (1/4″ wide) but they are not at the shop, so I will have to wait until I am back in the shop to fit up the blade.  My bow saw at the shop has a cranked dovetail blade and I need another with a regular blade (and fine tooth 11 ppi) for curved work.



This came in in the afternoon for repairs, it is a Saxony Wheel for flax or cotton, has been refinished, the modern plastic finish is nicely flaking off as it usually does.   Have I mentioned my dislike for modern finishes, they are plastic crap that fouls the wood with a cloud of inflexible haze.  Wood moves, didn’t they get the memo?  I feel a blog post on this subject is long overdue.


spinning wheel


It has some problems.  This wheel belongs to a visitor to the park and she wants it put in good order.  The mother-of-all is missing, the flyer has been replaced, but the bobbin may be original.  The treadle is missing a piece of wood and the leather hinges are worn out and will be replaced.  The base is white oak and the turned parts are birch.


What is unusual about this wheel is the style of the turnings, looks like Sheraton Bamboo, so I will use the style to replace the uprights for the bobbin as well as the distaff, which is missing.


wheel problem


Like a gaping opening between the two pieces of chestnut making up the wheel.  I will remove the spoke pegs, shorten the long spokes and reassemble.



spoke pegs


The spoke pegs go through the rim and hold the end of the spokes, the spokes are not socketed into the fellows, but are butt joints secured with the pegs.  I will post more pictures as I tear into this sweet little wheel.





  1. Stephen, I think this is a wheel for wool, rather than cotton or flax. They usually have a much larger drive wheel. Pretty thing though. Now that I know you work on these little babies, I can refer my daughter to you when she needs help with hers.

    Comment by Tracy — January 20, 2009 @ 8:57 am

  2. Its all I can do to resist so far mentioning that I have a hobby of making rope and cordage.
    I would like to know if you’d be interested in having any hemp, flax or cotton rope or cordage for such things as clamps or bow saws.

    I know that people interested in period re-creation often like to have their gear made with period materials and made in period methods. I can make lines from 1/16 inch in cotton (some people involved in the art of nautical knot tying have been buying that until I had to temporarily stop recently.) in flax and hemp I can make from 1/8″ to as large as I can get material for. Honestly, the largest has been a 3/4″ rope of Sisal bailing twine, but it would work the same for the other materials.

    Its probably not quite nice to try to sell you something in a blog comment, and actually you may never read this being in such an old entry, but I would be willing to send you several feet of flax and hemp 1/4″ line for free to see if you might be interested in anything.

    I was inspired by your blog some time ago to make a bow saw for myself. Im using some of my hemp line to provide the tension.

    Comment by Trevor — April 16, 2009 @ 4:25 pm

  3. Trevor,

    I would be interested in trying some of your cordage. I am also interested in gut strings as of late. I am trying to find a material that will last on a bow for a bow lathe.


    Comment by Stephen Shepherd — April 16, 2009 @ 4:33 pm

  4. both hemp and flax have a very low stretch for natural fiber. I have to say that I would guess that hemp would be more period and location appropriate. I started looking into them when I wanted to make some bow strings for an archery bow. I settled on flax for that, coated with beeswax. I ended up not making the bow because I needed to let the wood dry for a few years. I gave the bowstring away to someone in europe who was doing some medieval reenactment. of course, now the wood is nice and dry. go figure.

    I’d wager that a flax line with some beeswax would be sturdy enough, wouldn’t pose a stretch problem and the beeswax would greatly assist in providing grip on the lathe.

    after noting the period in which you are concentrating, I realize that i’ve been working on a rather intricate cordage machine of wood based on a patent drawing from 1849. I can’t say that i’m only using the tools that they would use, but if it works it would be a marvel to watch. I made a test set of gears. a pair of the smallest size. I ended up sending them to a child I read about on Flickr. you can see them as delivered here: http://www.flickr.com/photos/dmrosner/3327697012/

    Comment by Trevor — April 16, 2009 @ 9:12 pm

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