Full Chisel Blog

March 7, 2010

Nineteenth Century Measure & Value

Filed under: Historical Material,Nautical,Of Interest,Uncategorized — Stephen Shepherd @ 5:15 pm

Measurements & Valuations in the Nineteenth Century

 

Liquid Measure

1 fluid ounce= 29.5737 Cubic Centimeters

Gill = 4 liquid ounces

Pint = 16 liquid ounces

Quart = 32 liquid ounces

Gallon = 128 liquid ounces

Gallon = 8.3 pounds

Cup = ½ pint or 8 liquid ounces

Flagon=2 quarts

Keg=3 gallons

Firkin=¼ barrel or 8-9 gallons

Kilderkin=17-29 gallons

Rundlet=3-20 gallons

Barrel=28-31 gallons

Hogshead=52-68 gallons

Puncheon=72 gallons

Pipe=two hogsheads

Butt=110-120 gallons

 

Wine & Beer Measure

Anker=10 gallons

Rundlet-18 gallons

Tierce=42 gallons

Hogshead=63 gallons

Puncheon=84 gallons

Pipe or butt=126 gallons

Tun=253 gallons

 

Dry Measure

4 Gills=1 pint

2 pints=1 quart

2 quarts=1 pottle

2 gallons=1 peck

4 peck=1 bushel

2 bushel=1 strike

4 bushel=1 Coomb

8 bushel=1 quarter

4 quarters=1 cauldron

5 quarters=1wey

2 weys=1 last

1 dicker of leather=10 skins

1 last of hides=20 hides

 

Troy

Penny weight=one twentieth of a troy ounce

24 grains=1 penny weight

20 penny weight=1 ounce troy

1 ounce (troy)=31.1035 Grams

Pound=14 ounces troy

 

Apothecary

20 grains=1 scruple

3 scruples=1 dram

8 drams=1 ounce

12 ounces=1 pound

 

Avoirdupois

16 drams=1 ounce

1 ounce (avoirdupois) =28.3495 Grams

Pound=16 ounces avoirdupois

Stone=14 pounds

28 pounds=1 quarter

4 quarters=1 hundred weight

Hundred weight [cwt]=112 pounds

20 hundred weight=1 ton

 

Linear Measure

1/48th inch= hairs’ breadth

Fingers’ breadth, a measure of 2 barleycorns in length, or four laid side to side.

3 Barleycorn=1 inch

1 inch= 25.4 Millimeters

1 square inch = 6.452 Square Centimeters

1 palm=3 inches

1 hand=4 inches

1 span=8 inches

1 foot=12 inches

1 cubit=18 inches

3 feet=1 yard

39.37 inches= 1 meter

Fathom=6 feet

Rod, perch, pole=16 ½ feet

Chain=66 feet

Furlong=220 feet yards

1 mile=5280 feet

3 miles=1 league

69 ½ miles=1 degree

 

Money

5 pennies=half dime (nickel after 1866)

10 pennies=1 dime

12 ½ pennies=1 bits

25 pennies or two bits=1 quarter

50 pennies=half dollar

100 pennies or 8 bits= 1 dollar [Spanish milled dollars were cut into 8 bits or ‘pieces of eight’ for ease of spending.  I believe most Spanish Milled Dollars were actually ‘Maria Teresa Dollars’ or talers from Austria, first minted in 1760 and unchanged today.]

2 ½ dollars=quarter eagle

5 dollars=half eagle

10 dollars=eagle

20 dollars=double eagle

 

1 £ [pound sterling]=20 shillings

1 shilling=12 pence

In the mid nineteenth century value conversion to U.S. Dollars:

1 pence=$0.0104

1 shilling=$0.125

1 pound=$2.50

 

A handy reference and good for settling bets.

Stephen

4 Comments »

  1. The valuation conversion was about the same from the time of the second war with Britain until the American Civil War.

    Stephen

    Comment by Stephen Shepherd — March 8, 2010 @ 8:15 am

  2. And 1/2 gill, a Naval Rum Ration, was also known as “not enough.”

    🙂

    Cool list, Stephen.

    Comment by Ken Pollard — March 10, 2010 @ 12:23 pm

  3. A furlong is actually 220 yards (not feet) or 1/8 of a mile.
    One mile = 5,280 feet or 1,760 yards divided by 8 = 1/8 mile or 220 yards or 1 furlong.

    Comment by Brad Kimbrell — March 23, 2010 @ 11:01 am

  4. Brad,

    Welcome and thank you for the correction, I changed the posting.

    Stephen

    Comment by Stephen Shepherd — March 23, 2010 @ 11:48 am

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